Retrieval and Analysis of Heterogeneous Online Content for Terrorist Activity Recognition

Project Description
Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) across Europe face today important challenges in how they identify, gather and interpret terrorist generated content online. The Dark Web presents additional challenges due to its inaccessibility and the fact that undetected material can contribute to the advancement of terrorist violence and radicalisation. LEAs also face the challenge of extracting and summarising meaningful and relevant content hidden in huge amounts of online data to inform their resource deployment and investigations.
The main objective of the TENSOR project is to provide a powerful terrorism intelligence platform offering LEAs fast and reliable planning and prevention functionalities for the early detection of terrorist organised activities, radicalisation and recruitment. The platform integrates a set of automated and semi-automated tools for efficient and effective searching, crawling, monitoring and gathering online terrorist-generated content from the Surface and the Dark Web; Internet penetration through intelligent dialogue-empowered bots; Information extraction from multimedia (e.g., video, images, audio) and multilingual content; Content categorisation, filtering and analysis; Real-time relevant content summarisation and visualisation; Creation of automated audit trails; Privacy-by-design and data protection.

Relevance for ROBORDER
  • Reasoning techniques to extract intelligence
  • Classification and event detection approaches
  • Semantic reasoning
TENSOR Website


Automated, Remote-Operation of a Large Number of Robotic Devices (aerial, ground and water robots)

Project Description
The basic idea behind RAWFIE is the automated, remote operation of a large number of robotic devices for assessing the performance of different technologies in networking, sensing and mobile/autonomic application domains. These robotic devices will be: (a) Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV), (b) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and (c) Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs). Devices will be hosted on a respective testbed and RAWFIE will feature a significant number of UxV nodes for exposing a vast test infrastructure to experimenters. All these items will be managed by a central controlling entity which will be programmed per case and it will fully overview/drive the operation of the respective mechanisms. Internet connectivity will be extended to the mobile units in order to enable the remote programming (over-the-air), control and data collection. The project will deliver the required software for experiments management, data collection and post-analysis. The vision of Experimentation-as-a-Service will be realized by virtualizing the provided software, making the framework available to any experimenter around the globe.

Relevance for ROBORDER
  • Swarm operation systems
  • Virtual and resource controller
RAWFIE Website


Development of SDR based communications package with ad-hoc networking, RF ranging and GPS capabilities for nano-satellites.

Project Description
GAMALINK will combine expertise on satellite navigation, ad hoc networking, attitude determination, antenna design and beam forming into a compact common technological platform, suitable for LEO CubeSat and small satellite missions. The hardware communications platform will be based on Software-Defined Radio (SDR), an innovative terrestrial concept that enables the development of various waveforms using a common hardware platform. Its characteristics can result in tremendous mass and volume savings, while increasing flexibility to a point where a radio system could be completely modified by just sending a command from ground. Moreover, it allows operating different subsystems simultaneously in the same hardware such as radio communications, GNSS reception for navigation and distance and orientation measurement. Ultimately, a mobile ad hoc space network can enable lower communication costs and latencies between satellites, space vehicles and astronauts or satellites and ground stations. Other techniques to be studied and implemented on the SDR platform are attitude determination of one station relative to another,through the measurement of carrier phase delays between signals transmitted from multiple antennas, GPS waveform reading and signal decoding and ranging between different satellites, based solely on the transmission of communication signals.

Relevance for ROBORDER
  • Communication systems for use on board unmanned vehicles
  • Unauthorised RF communications


Build an Expertise at the European Level about Human Factors at Border Crossings

Project Description
BODEGA’s aim is to develop future border checks with human factors expertise in order to enhance efficiency, border security and traveler satisfaction. The project focuses on the changes to traveler processes and border controllers’ work due to the introduction of smarter border control systems like automated gates and self-service systems based on biometrics. The traveler is one important actor in the entire process and thus also the traveler’s role needs to be carefully considered in the development and implementation of future technologies.

Relevance for ROBORDER
  • Human factors of border guard’s work
  • Border control tasks
BODEGA Website


Multitech Security System for the Protection of Space Control Ground Stations (SCGSs) against Physical and Cyber-Attacks and Ground Station Network Reconfiguration in Node Fails

Project Description
The main goal of SCOUT is the study, design and assessment of a security system based on multiple technologies to protect space control ground stations and the satellite links against physical and cyber-attacks, and to activate automatic restoration and intelligent reconfiguration mechanisms in case of failure concerning the ground stations networks and the satellite links. The capability of the SCOUT system will be proved by the development of a proof-of-concept demonstrator.

Relevance for ROBORDER
  • Security systems based on multiple technologies
  • Protect stations and links against physical and cyber attacks
  • Scalable, distributed multi-sensor network
SCOUT Website


Home Made Explosives and Recipes

Project Description
The goal of the HOMER project is to implement a study to mitigate the threat of homemade explosives from the criminal and terrorist element. This was achieved by the development of researched HME knowledge made available, through innovative, secure and usable means, for the use of law enforcement agencies, security and the manufacturers of precursors. The project explored the recipes and characteristics of HME, looking at readily available information from web sources, social media, other information sharing platforms, whilst considering chemicals and other components that are freely available and can be utilised in the manufacture of HME. Through research and testing it was planned to draft a fundamental standard for HMEs, in addition to developing an operational platform to support Law Enforcement Agencies, Government Security Agencies and manufacturers of Precursors.

Relevance for ROBORDER
  • Visual recognition tools
HOMER Website

SAFESHORE (H2020-BES-2015)

System for Detection of Threats Agents in Maritime Border Environment

Project Description
The main objective of the SafeShore project is to cover existing gaps in coastal border surveillance, increasing internal security by preventing cross-border crime such trafficking in human beings and the smuggling of drugs. It is designed to be integrated with existing systems and create a continuous detection line along the border. One of the treats to the maritime coast are small Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) which can carry explosives or which can be used for smuggling drugs, boats and human intruders on the sea shore. The SafeShore core solution for detecting small targets that are flying at low attitude is to use a 3D LIDAR that scans the sky and creates above the protected area a virtual dome shield. SafeShore will also integrate the 3D LIDAR with passive acoustic sensors, passive radio detection and video analytics.

Relevance for ROBORDER
  • Coastal border surveillance
  • Visual analytics

CAMELOT (H2020-SEC-2016-2017-1)

C2 Advanced Multi-domain Environment and Live Observation Technologies

Project Description
The creation of the Schengen area has been one of the major achievements of the EU. However, this agreement requires countries to cooperate tightly in order to keep a high level of security at their internal borders, as well as to share the responsibility of managing external borders. Such a variety of borders (land, sea and air) and current challenges requires a consistent approach to border surveillance, based on a plethora of heterogeneous assets. These can be manned or unmanned, ranging from sensors (optical, radar, IR) to unmanned platforms (UAV, UGV, USV or UUV), and need to be combined to offer an integrated situational picture of the area under surveillance and of their location. In order to effectively control their operation and manage the large amounts of data collected by them, new approaches for command and control need to be considered, allowing efficient interaction between the operator and the different assets in the field. CAMELOT proposes to develop and demonstrate different advanced command and control service modules for multiple platform domains, based on a SOA architecture that specifies internal and external interfaces, allowing the development of a modular and scalable command and control station, customizable to the user needs. This architecture can be based on results of previous studies and work or open architectures that may prove more suitable and the interfaces can take advantage of the standardization work that has been done already. After the definition, CAMELOT partners will prototype service modules according to their expertise, background individual technologies and practitioner needs. These will be integrated progressively in specific testing along the project. This prototype development approach will culminate in 2 final demonstrations involving end users and relevant stakeholders, to achieve a maturity of TRL6 (for most individual technologies supporting the functionalities for border surveillance) and an IRL of 7 for CAMELOT.

Relevance for ROBORDER
  • Scalable, distributed multi-sensor network
  • Advanced human-robot interface